CiNii Articles - User Guide - Full Text Search By Keywords

About Search Page

From each page on CiNii Articles you can perform a "Full Text Search" to search for all text of Full text PDF in CiNii Articles.
* Full Text Search covers only "CiNii Fulltext PDF" and does not cover the text of External links such as "CiNii Link" (CiNii Fulltext link), IR Fulltext or J-Stage.

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A Search for articles

A-1. Full Text Search

Full Text Search is searching for text in full text PDF by entering a keyword.

  • Keyword field

    • Multiple keywords may be entered, each keyword separated byspaces (both English half-width spaces and Japanese full-width spaces are acceptable). In this situation, the spaces act as "AND" and all keywords are searched for.
    • If numbers (numeric characters) are used as keywords, either both English single-byte characters.
    Search Example

    Search for articles containing the terms "interaction".
    Enter as below, and then click the search button.

A-2. About search

  • Multiple keywords may be entered, each keyword separated by spaces (both English half-width spaces and Japanese full-width spaces are acceptable).
    Specify the logic operation using "Combination of keywords". To search for a string that includes spaces, enclose the string in double quotes (").
    Example: Inputting "information processing" returns search results for records containing "computer information processing" and "information processing society", excluding those records that contain "processing and information" and "information on processing".
  • To search for terms that include part of a word, use an asterisk.
    Example: Inputting work* returns search results for records containing "worker" and "working", excluding those records that contain "homework".
  • Boolean search
    • Boolean searches (AND,OR,NOT) can be run like the following.Full width characters can be used for operators.

    • Search using "AND"・・・ Search for records containing all entered keywords. Specify using spaces (English half-width spaces and Japanese full-width spaces) or "_&_" (where _ is a space, as in the example below).
      Example: Inputting "information digital" or "information & digital" returns search results for records containing both "information" and "digital".
    • Search using "OR" ・・・ Search for records containing any of the entered keywords. Specify using "_OR_"(OR is written in English full-width/half-width characters and upper case letters) or "_|_" (where _ is a space, as in the example below.)
      Example: Inputting "information OR digital" or "information | digital" returns search results for records containing either "information" or "digital" or both.
    • Search using "NOT" ・・・Search for records containing the entered keyword(s) but excluding the keyword after NOT. Specify using "_NOT_" (NOT is written in English full-width/half-width characters and upper case letters) or add "_-" (where _ is a space and - is an English half-width hyphen) after the main keyword(s) but before the term to be excluded.
      Example: Inputting "information NOT digital" or "information -digital" returns search results for records containing "information", excluding those records that contain "digital".
    • Priority of Boolean search using parentheses・・・・You can specify priority of Boolean search using parentheses.
      Example1: Inputting "Adachi NOT (Takeda & Aizawa)" returns search results for records containing "Adachi", excluding those records that both contain "Takeda" and "Aizawa". Search results contain "Adachi Takeda", "Adachi Aizawa", not "Adachi Takeda Aizawa".
      Example2: Inputting "(Adachi NOT Takeda) & Aizawa" returns search results for records containing both "Adachi" excluding those records that contain "Takeda", and containin "Aizawa". Search results contain "Adachi Aizawa", not "Adachi Takeda", "Takeda Aizawa".
    • * Exact match search is not available in Full Text Search.

B About clear of keywords

There is not a clear button on top page. If you click CiNii banner located in the upper left portion, you will return to the top page of Article Search with no keywords.